Libya and Nuclear Proliferation: Stepping back from the by Wyn Q. Bowen

By Wyn Q. Bowen

For over 3 a long time, pushed by way of the center intent of deterring exterior threats to its safeguard, Libya sought to procure nuclear guns. Having tried yet did not procure them ‘off the shelf’ from a number of states through the Seventies, by means of past due 2003 it had succeeded in assembling a lot of the expertise required to fabricate them. however, following mystery negotiations with the united kingdom and US governments, in December 2003 Colonel Muammar Gadhafi resolved to desert the pursuit of nuclear and different guns of mass destruction. This choice mirrored the regime's considerably altered safeguard perceptions in the course of the Nineteen Nineties and early twenty-first century. The pursuit of nuclear guns had turn out to be seen as a strategic liability.

This Adelphi Paper examines the explanations for Libya's pursuit of a nuclear guns potential, from Gadhafi's upward thrust to energy in 1969 via to past due 2003. It assesses the proliferation pathways that the regime undefined, together with early dependence on Soviet know-how and information and, therefore, its reliance at the A.Q. Khan community. It examines the choice to renounce the search for nuclear guns, concentrating on the most elements that inspired the regime's calculations, together with the perceived have to re-engage with the overseas neighborhood and the USA specifically. the method of dismantling the nuclear programme is usually addressed, as is the query of no matter if Libya constitutes a ‘model’ for addressing the demanding situations posed through different proliferators.

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